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Popular Legitimism and the Monarchy in France. Mass Politics without Parties, 1830–1880

Bernard Rulof

Rulof Bernard, Popular Legitimism and the Monarchy in France. Mass Politics without Parties, 1830–1880, Cham, Palgrave Macmillan,

Print ISBN : 978-3-030-52757-0

This book explores mid-nineteenth-century French legitimism and the implications of popular support for a movement that has traditionally been portrayed as an aristocratic force intent on restoring the Old Regime. This type of monarchism has often been understood as a form of elitist patronage politics or, alternatively, identified with ultramontane Catholicism. Although historians have offered a more nuanced view in the last few decades, their work, nevertheless, has predominantly focused on legitimist leaders rather than their followers and their professed feelings of loyalty to monarchy and monarch. This book’s originality therefore is twofold : firstly as an analysis of popular rather than élite monarchism ; and secondly, as a study which portrays this form of royalism as a political movement characteristic of a period which saw the emergence of mass politics, while parties were still non-existent. It not only discusses the social and cultural settings of (popular) monarchism, but also contributes to the history of political parties, citizenship and democracy.

TABLE DES MATIÈRES

Introduction

Disputing Space and Citizenship : Popular Legitimism in 1848

‘Individuals without cohesion among themselves’ ? Or, the Making of a Movement

Legitimist Electoral Politics, 1830–1851

“How Have We Let the Flag of Order (…) Slip Out of Our Hands ?” Legitimism on the Defence, 1852–1883

A City of Inequalities

The Legitimist Movement

Imagining the Bon Roi

Writing Legitimism : The Local Press

From Pleasure to Supervision : Legitimist Sociability

Conclusion