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Women’s Friendship in Medieval Literature

Karma Lochrie, Usha Vishnuvajjala (éd.)

LOCHRIE Karma, VISHNUVAJJALA Usha (éd.), 2022, Women’s Friendship in Medieval Literature, Columbus, The Ohio State University Press, 2022.

ISBN : 978-0-8142-1515-9.

“The significance of Women’s Friendship in Medieval Literature cannot be overstated : it gathers some of the freshest voices in medieval literary studies to present some of the most transformative and inspiring work on women and gender to date.” —Holly A. Crocker, author of The Matter of Virtue : Women’s Ethical Action from Chaucer to Shakespeare

“Lochrie and Vishnuvajjala have put together an exciting collection of essays about female friendship. Readers looking for feminist interventions in medieval studies will find Women’s Friendship engaging and thought provoking.” —Rebecca Krug, author of Margery Kempe and the Lonely Reader

In Women’s Friendship in Medieval Literature, Karma Lochrie and Usha Vishnuvajjala bring together established scholars and new voices to illuminate a previously understudied but consequential element of life in the Middle Ages. Contributors focus on representations of women’s friendships in medieval European literature and their afterlives both to historicize them and draw out the finer nuances of the multitude of forms, affects, values, and ethics that emerge within those friendships. This volume examines works by Chaucer, Gower, Malory, Marie de France, female saints, and late-Middle Scots poets alongside lesser-known late medieval lyrics and Middle English romances to chart women’s friendships and their many and sometimes conflicting affinities with the cultural categories of gender, religion, politics, and sexuality. In addition to exploring the parameters of female friendship across a range of texts and historical contexts, contributors evaluate the political, religious, and civic structures negotiated in public and private and engage with the long history of theory and philosophy on friendship. The result is a theoretical and historical rubric for the future study of women’s friendships in medieval texts and beyond.

Karma Lochrie is Provost Professor of English at Indiana University. She is also the author Heterosyncrasies : Female Sexuality When Normal Wasn’t and Nowhere in the Middle Ages, among others.

Usha Vishnuvajjala is Lecturer at Cardiff University. She is also the author of Feminist Medievalisms.

Table des matières :

Karma Lochrie and Usha Vishnuvajjala

Part 1 Varieties of Spiritual Friendship

Chapter 1 Female Friendships and Visionary Women
Jennifer N. Brown

Chapter 2 On Love and Letters : Spiritual Friendship in Marie de France
Stella Wang

Chapter 3 Friendship and Resistance in the Vitae of Italian Holy Women
Andrea Boffa

Chapter 4 Sisters and Friends : The Medieval Nuns of Syon Abbey
Alexandra Verini

Part 2 Feminine Space, Feminine Voices

Chapter 5 “Amonge maydenes moo” : Gender-Based Community, Racial Thinking, and Aristocratic Women’s Work in Emaré
Lydia Yaitsky Kertz

Chapter 6 Women’s Communities and the Possibility of Friendship in the Stanzaic Morte Arthur
Usha Vishnuvajjala

Chapter 7 Female Friendship in Late Medieval English Literature : Cultural Translation in Chaucer, Gower, and Malory
Melissa Ridley Elmes

Part 3 New Modes of Female Friendship

Chapter 8 Cultivating Cummarship : Female Friendship, Alcohol, and Pedagogical Community in the Alewife Poem
Carissa M. Harris

Chapter 9 “All These Relationships between Women” : Chaucer and the Bechdel Test for Female Friendship
Karma Lochrie

Chapter 10 The Politics of Virtual Friendship in Christine de Pizan’s Book of the City of Ladies
Christine Chism

Chapter 11 Prosthetic Friendship and the Theater of Fraternity
Laurie Finke

Chapter 12 Conversations among Friends : Ælfflæd, Iurminburg, and the Arts of Storytelling
Clare A. Lees and Gillian R. Overing

Afterword Friendship at a Distance
Penelope Anderson

List of Contributors

Works Cited